Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog at a Glance

Country of Origin:


Breed Group:

AKC (Herding); ANKC (Working); CKC (Herding); FCI (Cattle Dogs); KC (Pastoral); UKC (Herding)


Medium. Weight: 35-45 lbs; Height: Male: 18-20, Female: 17-19 inches


The Australian Cattle Dog has a weather-resistant double coat.


Blue , purple, or red speckle; Blue or blue-mottled.

Life Span:

12 to 15 years

Breed Profile

Affection Level – 100
Barking Tendencies – 30
Cat Friendly – 40
Cold Weather Tolerance – 80
Exercise Needs – 100
General Health – 100
Grooming Needs – 60
Hot Weather Tolerance – 80
Intelligence – 100
Kid Friendly – 50
Playfulness – 100
Shedding Level – 60
Social Needs – 60
Watchdog Ability – 100

Did You Know?

This breed is also called the Blue Heeler because of their color (Blue) and because they herd cattle by nipping at their heels.


The Australian Cattle Dog is a very intelligent and active dog breed. It was developed by Australian settlers with the purpose of handling herds of cattle on big ranches. This breed is very good at canine sports including obedience, rally, flying disc and other competitions. The average height of an Australian Cattle Dog is 1 foot, 5 inches to 1 foot, 8 inches weighing about 30 to 50 pounds. They have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years.


The Australian Cattle Dog was originally bred to herd cattle. This is the reason why he is such an intelligent dog and has quite an impressive strength. He has a great personality and expectations to have an owner with a personality at least as strong as his. If proper training is done he will be very cooperative and will quickly respond to all your commands. Every Australian Cattle Dog needs daily activity. He is used to live on a farm and if the situation is different you will have to keep him busy with something else. Long walks are a must and if you like jogging or biking, this dog will be your best companion.

Australian Cattle Dogs are very protective of their family and property. They are good watchdogs and will let you know every time a stranger tries to enter on your property. Even though the Australian Cattle Dog is kid-friendly early training is required and high caution while small children interact with him. This is not because the dog will try to harm the child on purpose but he was train to herd and to do so he uses his mouth. Early socialization is very important in order to reduce his herding instincts. He must be taught that it is forbidden to use his mouth to heard people. Australian Cattle Dogs are used with other animals so having some other animals around the house shouldn’t be a problem.

The Australian Cattle Dog is prone to health issues such as PRA, deafness and hip dysplasia.

Australian Cattle Dog Activity & Training

The Australian Cattle Dog is very intelligent and energetic therefore it is quite easy to train him. He likes to take orders from his owner and training him will be just like a game for him. He will enjoy it a lot. Be aware that proper training should be done if you want to avoid moments when he will try to herd your friends or family and put you in a bad situation.

Australian Cattle Dog Grooming

The Australian Cattle Dog has a weather-resistant double coat. The outer coat of this breed is flat, hard and straight. The under coat is short and dense. Australian Cattle Dog’s come in a variety of colors, including blue, purple speckle, blue speckle or blue-mottled.  All puppies are born white, but the color that will develop is apparent from the paw pads. This breed is a seasonal shedder.

This breed requires weekly brushing with a stiff bristle brush. Australian Cattle Dogs are seasonal shedders and special attention should be given to the coat during these periods. An occasional bath with a light shampoo may be required, but only when absolutely necessary.

If you want to avoid having hair on your couch, carpets and all over your home you should brush his coat every now and then. Coat shaping can be done whenever you want but usually it needs to be done every 2 or 3 months.

Australian Cattle Dog History

The Australian Cattle Dog was bred by Australian settlers in the 19th century and was originally developed for driving cattle over long distances.  The Australian Cattle Dog is bred for endurance, herding capabilities and general toughness. They are also known as the Blue Heeler, Purple Heeler and Queensland Heeler. The Australian Cattle Dog is one of the most popular dog breeds in Australia.

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